Flat-Coated Retriever Dog Breed
Nicknames: Flatcoat, Flatte, Flattie
|Right Breed For You?||The Flat-Coated Retriever needs a large area with plenty of fresh air room to exercise regularly, therefore, apartment life is not recommended. These dogs were raised to be gun dogs and enjoy exploring forest area, large territories, and can withstand harsh weather. They are relatively inactive indoors and needs to be around people in order to be happy, so it is important that they are paid attention to at least once per day. Intensive exercise works best for them, and they can often be found working up a sweat outdoors in a variety of tasks. These dogs do play well indoors, but also enjoy spending as much time as possible outside as well. This dog will not do well being chained up in the house all day, and needs plenty of space to roam.||Discount Pet Supply Recommendations|
|Height:||22 -23 inches (56 – 58 cm.)|
|Weight:||60 – 70 pounds (27 – 32 kg.)|
|Life Span:||9-11 Years|
|Litter Size:||4 to 8 puppies|
|Color:||Black, Brown, Liver, White spots, Black spots|
|Recognized By:||CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR|
The Flat-Coated Retriever is a noble and sturdy dog, and stands strong as a gundog from Britain. It has been trained and bred to work on both land and, and these dogs are exceptional family companions as well. The Flat-Coated Retriever has a strong, muscular jaw and long muzzle. It is a unique breed with its one-piece back-skull and muzzle, and often carries a friendly and intelligent expression. The ears are pendant-shaped and are fairly small. They lie closely to the back of the skull and the dogs have a well-arched neck. The top line of the dog is strong and straight, while the back of the dog’s head is angulated.
The coat of the Flat-Coated Retriever is a single coat, with no undercoat. IT is moderate in length and is quite dense and lustrous; owners of this dog enjoy brushing and keeping this dog’s coat smooth and shiny, and the coat is longer on the backs of the legs, body, and tail. The head is molded and sleek, and the eyes are either dark brown or hazel. These dogs have a very intelligent and often doleful expression; they have moderately small ears and simple but bold features.
The nose is usually black, but it may be brown in color for liver-colored retrievers. The back is short, square, and muscular and the feet are round and strong. These dogs are naturally very energetic and training can take some time. However, they are also very obedient and will listen to their masters and owners with little fuss. These dogs are stable and consistent, and they fit well with a variety of families.
Flat-Coat’s are single coated with moderately long, dense, and lustrous brown or black coats. The body coat often has longer feathering on the backs of the body and tail region, and the areas around the face are short and smooth.
The Flat-Coated Retriever originated in the mid 19th century in England, and soon became popular as a gamekeeper’s dog. It later moved on into becoming a gundog as its hunting characteristics and traits were outstanding. Part of the ancestry of the Flat-Coated Retriever can be due to stock imported from North America from the area of St. John’s Newfoundland. This dog is thought to have been a descendant of the Labrador and the Chesapeake Bay Retriever.
The Flat-Coated Retriever quickly gained popularity in the U.S. as a gundog in the 1870s, and it has been recognized as a stable and noble dog ever since. By the end of World War II, however, there were very few Flat-Coated retrievers in existence but breeders have once again given rise to these dogs as companions and show dogs as well. The Flat-Coated Retriever has shown multiple talents and a steady temperament throughout the years; it has increasingly been used in field competition, and careful breeding has brought it back into a variety of breeding circles. These dogs are very good at being watchdogs, retrieving, hunting, tracking, and they have consistent agility.
Today, the Flat-Coated Retriever is modestly popular and requires attentive breeding to encourage its natural talents. It is commonly used as a show dog, but many people choose to take this dog as a companion.
The Flat-Coated Retriever is affectionate, energetic, and loving. It is an excellent companion for families with children, and makes for a good protective dog as well. It is stable, smart, and tends to stand strong during times of tension. The dog is smart, active, and friendly and bonds well with its owners and family members. It is often over-attentive to guests and strangers, and may come across as too strong at times. Still, these dogs are gentle and playful and enjoy keeping their owners and company happy.
The Flat-Coated Retriever is sweet and gentle, and will often take extra steps to be a happy companion. They are very cheerful by nature, and will always welcome new guests or company. They seem to maintain their puppy-like exuberance into their later years, and will always be found busy at work or play. These dogs enjoy spending time both indoors and outdoors, and are a very sociable breed. They need constant attention and affection, and they will tend to become bored or disinterested with inactivity. These dogs are highly trainable as they are so sensitive and responsive to their owners and surroundings. Keeping training sessions short and combining them with play is the best course of action for this breed. These dogs do get along well with other dogs and pets, so if there are multiple Flat-Coated Retrievers within the family they can be trained as a group.
These dogs are intelligent and will pick up new skills and behaviors with ease. They tend to work hard at projects and at play, but will seldom get excessively tired. Always ready to try new things, the Flat-Coated Retriever fares well in new surroundings, environments, and settings.
The Flat-Coated Retriever is a hardworking and generally healthy breed; they have a naturally strong stamina and will stay most healthy with plenty of exercise and rest. Still, it is important to note that cancer is quite common in this breed. Regular tests and clearances for hereditary conditions are important, and these dogs will require these on a regular basis. There are also some special medical conditions to be aware of:
- Hip Dysplasia: Canine Hip Dysplasia (CHD) can cause mild to severe lameness.
- Diabetes: this is occasionally found in the Flat-Coated Retriever.
- Epilepsy: a neurological seizure disorder. There is no test for this.
- Deafness: Congenital deafness can be a problem.
The most common types of cancers in these dogs include hemangiosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, malignant histiocytosis, and osteosarcoma. These seem to occur at higher rates in Flat-Coated Retrievers than other breeds, and it is important to note that almost 75% of deaths are actually due to cancer.
The Flat-Coated Retriever needs very little trimming but regular weekly brushings whenever possible. Their coat needs to be kept nice and tidy on a regular basis, especially after they have been outdoors for extended periods of time. It is important to use care when brushing after the dog is wet or has been in cold temperatures.
A good brushing at least 4-5 times per week is ideal, as this will bring out the natural gloss and sheen of the dog. The breed is an average shedder, and the coat will change in luster and appearance throughout the seasons. The coat may tangle on occasion, but this simply requires additional brushing and perhaps a trim.
Bathing, using only dog shampoo is only necessary when the dog is exceptionally dirty; these retrievers tend to keep themselves clean on a regular basis, and taking them to a professional groomer can help to keep them in the best shape. A visit to the vet once per month will be helpful in keeping the dog as healthy as possible, and these dogs will also need to be checked for ticks on a regular basis.
The Flat-Coated Retriever needs daily exercise at least once or twice per day. Running, walking, jogging, sprinting, and playing with a Frisbee are ideal activities for this dog, and they make excellent jogging companions regardless of the weather. These dogs especially enjoy swimming and hunting, so taking them out to the forest or parks on a weekly basis will give them plenty of new environments to explore. These dogs also enjoy car rides, so taking the dog along on a camping adventure would be a real treat!
Natural hunters, these dogs use all of their senses to enjoy a variety of activities. They have a tendency to follow their noses, but owners do not necessarily need to worry about this dog wandering too far as it will return home more often than not. Still, an untrained dog will need to remain on a leash during the majority of its excursions. These dogs are well-behaved and will listen to instructions quite well. It is important to train them consistently and encourage a variety of activities and exercises. These dogs are very playful and active, and are a joy to manage and grow with.
Working Flat-Coat’s usually get their fair share of exercise, and enjoy taking part in a variety of activities. These dogs are easy to work and will train well as a gundog or hunter.
The Flat-Coated Retriever has been bred as a sporting dog and is very active by nature. These dogs love to please but they can be difficult to train at times. They are bored easily, so it is important they have enough variety in training and activities on a regular basis. The Flat-Coated Retriever develops a strong bond with its owners and masters, and will require consistency and direction, especially in its younger years.
The dog’s personality can be best described as devoted and outgoing. This is helpful when creating a training program for this dog at any age. Using toys and other objects as part of training can help them grasp new skills relatively easily. Rewards of food, new toys, and even trips to the park can be helpful motivators.
The Flat-Coated Retriever will get bored very easily with repetitive tasks, and they may even become willful at times. It is important to pay attention to positive reinforcement and motivation so that they are consistent. These dogs do respond best to positive reinforcement on a regular basis, and they are particularly sensitive to harsh tones or mannerisms. They cannot tolerate harsh handling or correction and will simply retreat when they feel too anxious or uncomfortable.
These dogs are naturally happy and exuberant; it is important to train them appropriately so that they do not knock over items in the house, or even run into small children. Socialization is very important, and obedience training will help them learn the rules of the household. These dogs can be quite affectionate and fun-loving, so it is important to set some guidelines and respect through constructive training.
Training the Flat Coat Retriever as a working gundog is another opportunity to make the most of this dog’s natural talents and abilities. These dogs are especially strong and have strong stamina; they have a natural ability to learn and will do well with consistent training out on the field. These dogs use their own air scent abilities to track down and hunt, and this needs to be encouraged whenever possible.
Teaching the dog to “’heel” is the first step in training both puppies and fully grown dogs. The dog will come to understand the direction only after demonstration and ongoing repetition; too much, however, will result in ineffective training. It is important that the puppy has learned how to “follow” his mother, whether this is its real mother or simply the owner or master. These dogs do well by performing with a pack leader, and they are especially responsive to consistency.
Incorporating games and play into training will help with the activities for the Flat Coat Retriever. These dogs thoroughly enjoy bonding time with their owners, and will respond well to continuous attention, reinforcement, and affection.